The Samoyed is a medium sized working breed that requires regular grooming and exercise. This native of Russia is known for the "smile" on his face.
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Finding a Samoyed
- Medium-sized, muscular build with large chest and powerful legs
- Wedge-shaped head with erect, triangular ears, deep-set eyes and thick ruff of harsh hair at the neck
- Black, brown or liver-colored nose
- Long tail curls onto back
- Coat: Thick double coat comes in white or biscuit
- Height: 19-23.5 inches
- Weight: 35-65 pounds
- Average lifespan: 12-15 years
- Affectionate, easy-going, playful, friendly, smart, gentle, devoted, mischievous
- Interaction with people: Good with children
- Interaction with animals: Good with other dogs
- Level of attention needed: Doesn't like to be left alone for long periods of time
- Training: Not easily trained; firm, patient training is needed. May need obedience training.
- Bark: May become vocal if left alone
- Protection: Good watchdog; will bark at strangers
- Hip dysplasia
- Ophthalmic disorders (including progressive retinal atrophy and cataracts)
- Skin disorder (including Alopecia X)
While the listed ailments may be common in this breed, not all members of the breed suffer from these conditions. Responsible breeders screen for orthopedic and genetic diseases.
- Happiest in rural or suburban homes with an active family
- Active indoors
- Needs daily exercise and attention
- Keep cool in hot weather
- Needs extensive grooming
- Seasonal heavy shedder
- Brush frequently
- No wolf or fox blood runs in the Samoyed, making it the most immediate relative to the primitive dog
- Companion to humans throughout history
- Fur can be woven or knit into clothing
- The corners of mouth turn up in a slight "smile"
- Originated in Russia
- Named for the Samoyed people, a nomadic tribe in Siberia with whom this breed traveled; lived closely and shared tents with the Samoyed
- Used for herding and guarding reindeer
- Accompanied Roald Amundsen in his 1911 expedition to the South Pole