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A native of China, the Pug is a playful breed that is highly intelligent.
They come in two colors, black and fawn.

Try out our new Dog Breed Chooser Tool to help you select a breed.
Physical Characteristics
  • Stocky, square-shaped body
  • Coat: soft, sleek hair
  • Coat colors may be black and fawn
  • Short and flat black muzzle
  • Ears are soft and smooth
  • Has moles on cheeks
  • Tail rests in tight or double curl
  • Height: 10-14 inches
  • Weight: 13-20 pounds
  • Average lifespan: 13-15 years
  • Rambunctious, playful, charming, loyal, loving, happy, upbeat, mischievous
  • Interactions with people: Good with kids, visitors
  • Interactions with animals: Good with other dogs and pets
  • Level of attention needed: Needs lots of attention
  • Training: Highly intelligent; will become bored with training that's too repetitive. Sensitive to human tone of voice; be gentle during discipline
  • Protection: Good watchdogs
Medical Conditions
While the listed ailments may be common in this breed, not all members of the breed suffer from these conditions. Responsible breeders screen for orthopedic and genetic diseases.
At Home
  • OK for apartments
  • Very sensitive to extreme weather; keep indoors at moderate temperature
  • Needs daily walks
  • Very easy to groom
  • Frequent shedder
  • Brush and comb should have firm bristles
  • Dry quickly and thoroughly after a bath to prevent chill
  • Creases on face require regular cleaning
Other Facts
  • While imprisoned at Les Carmes, Napoleon's wife sent her husband secret messages under her pug’s collar
  • Widely portrayed in 19th-century paintings
  • The word "pug" may have come from the Old English pugg, which was an affectionate term for a playful little devil or monkey
Breed History
  • Bred in East China during the Shang Dynasty (1600 to 1046 B.C.)
  • Ancestors were companions of Buddhist priests
  • Imported to Holland in late 16th century
  • Became popular in the European courts in the 16th century
  • Popularity peaked during Victorian era
  • First came to America shortly after Civil War
For more information about this breed and breeder referral contacts, please visit the Pug Dog Club of America For breed rescue opportunities, visit Prairie Pugs
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