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Poodle

The Poodle comes in three sizes. They are a highly intelligent breed with a coat considered hypoallergenic.


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Physical Characteristics
  • Poodles come in three sizes: standard, miniature and toy
  • Coat: Curly, long hair
  • Wide ears hang close to the head
  • Oval eyes; eye color matches the coat
  • Height: Toy, up to 10 inches; miniature, 10-15 inches; standard, 15 inches or taller
  • Weight: Toy, 6-9 pounds; miniature, 15-17 pounds; standard, 45-70 pounds
  • Average lifespan: 12-15 years
Temperament
  • Very active, smart, good-natured, sensitive, lively, dignified, fast learner
  • Interaction with people: Standard variety is good with children; Toy variety does best with older, gentler children. Both wary of strangers
  • Interaction with animals: Good with other dogs and pets
  • Level of attention needed: Needs lots of human interaction
  • Training: Easily trained
  • Protection: Toy variety good watchdog
Medical Conditions
  • Addison's and Cushing's Diseases (hormone disorders)
  • Bloat (primarily in Standard size)
  • Congenital cardiac diseases (including lacrimal duct atresia in Toy size)
  • Epilepsy
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Hypothryroidism
  • Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease
  • Ophthalmic disorders (including progressive retinal atrophy, entropion, glaucoma, distichiasis and trichiasis)
  • Patellar luxation
  • Sebaceous Adenitis (primarily in Standard size)
  • von Willebrand's Disease (blood disorder)
While the listed ailments may be common in this breed, not all members of the breed suffer from these conditions. Responsible breeders screen for orthopedic and genetic diseases.
At Home
  • OK in apartments
  • All sizes need yard
  • Needs daily walks
  • Loves to run, swim and retrieve
  • The Standard variety needs more activity than smaller versions
Grooming
  • Non-shedder; considered hypoallergenic
  • Needs extensive grooming and regular baths
  • Clip coat every six to eight weeks; it will cord if left to grow naturally
  • Check ears frequently for mites; pull out ear hair if necessary
Other Facts
  • There’s only one poodle breed; the terms of standard, miniature and toy describe size only
  • Popularity in France led to the term "French poodle"
  • They're great swimmers - the coat adapts easily to water
  • Puffs of fur around the legs were introduced in France during the breed's circus performing days
  • Bouffant coat style began in early 1900s
  • The toy and miniature varieties were bred down from the original, standard-sized dog; bred to be truffle hunters, since they did less damage to the truffles with their feet
  • The custom of styling the coat was created to enhance its swimming ability
Breed History
  • The country of origin is controversial since the poodle was found throughout Europe
  • Origin dates back to 1500s
  • The barbet is considered the earliest version of the poodle
  • The word "poodle" comes from the German pudel or pudelin (to splash in the water)
  • Known in France as "chien canard" (duck dog) for its duck-hunting skills
  • High intelligence, inherent showmanship and trainability led the French to use poodles as circus performers
  • A favorite of French aristocracy; by 1800s was the national dog of France
For more information about this breed and breeder referral contacts, please visit the Poodle Club of America For breed rescue opportunities, visit PCA Rescue
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