The Mastiff is a large, protective breed. They require a large living space and regular walks.
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Finding a Mastiff
- Muscular, massive build with heavy bones
- Black mask around the eyes and nose
- Dark eyes
- Long, tapered tail is set moderately high and carried with a slight curl
- Coat: Straight, short, rough topcoat comes in golden fawn, apricot and brindle
- Height: 27.5-30 inches
- Weight: 150-160 pounds
- Average lifespan: 10-12 years
- Gentle, patient, loyal, confident, observant, even-tempered, smart, docile
- Interaction with people: Most are excellent with mature children (not recommend for toddlers because of their size). Suspicious of strangers until guest is welcomed by owner
- Interaction with animals: Can be aggressive toward other dogs
- Level of attention needed: Thrives on human companionship
- Training: Responds best to compassionate, patient training. Extra effort should be given to socialize while a puppy.
- Bark: Minimal, but will do so to protect its family
- Protection: Natural guard dog; possessive of family, and property. Generally holds intruders at bay rather than attacking
- Cancers (including osteosarcoma)
- Cystinuria (urinary stones)
- Hip and elbow dysplasia
- Ophthalmic disorders (including progressive retinal atrophy and entropion)
While the listed ailments may be common in this breed, not all members of the breed suffer from these conditions. Responsible breeders screen for orthopedic and genetic diseases.
- May be too large for a very small apartment
- Needs small yard
- Inclined to be lazy but needs regular exercise; needs daily walks
- Tends to drool, wheeze and snore loudly
- Eats large quantities of food; owner should be financially able to provide for this breed's size and appetite
- Easy to groom
- Average shedder
- Brush with fine bristle and smooth with a chamois
- The first documentation of the mastiff is in Chinese, from around 1121 B.C.
- Depicted in Egyptian monuments dating back to 3000 B.C.
- Documented in Chaucer’s "Knight’s Tale" as being as large as a steer
- A Mastiff was on the Mayflower to America
- This breed has existed in Great Britain for 2,000 years
- Thought to have originated in Asia but mostly recognized as native to England
- Described by Caesar as courageous, strong and brave in the invasion of Britain in 55 B.C.
- Documented throughout English history and literature
- Historically used as an arena gladiator in Roman times; competed against humans, bulls, bears, tigers, lions and other dogs
- Also used as watchdog, bodyguard, companion and flock guardian
- By the end of World War II, Mastiffs were almost extinct in England