English Toy Spaniel
The English Toy Spaniel is a small companion breed that is social.
This native of England is smart and elegant.
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Finding an English Toy Spaniel
- Small, sturdy, square build
- Black deep pug nose
- Large, dark, round eyes
- Long, feathered, pendant ears
- Coat: Soft, silky hair
- Four color varieties: black and tan (King Charles); solid red, may have a few white hairs or small white patch on chest (ruby); white with red "thumb print" at center of top of head (Blenheim); and tri-color, white with black and tan markings (Prince Charles)
- Height: 10 inches
- Weight: 8-14 pounds
- Average lifespan: 10-12 years
- Gentle, happy, playful, loving, sweet, quiet, social, smart
- Interaction with people: Good with mature children; good companion dog
- Congenital cardiac disease (including patent ductus arteriosis)
- Lazy or hanging tongue
- Ophthalmic disorders (including glaucoma and cataracts)
- Patellar luxation
While the listed ailments may be common in this breed, not all members of the breed suffer from these conditions. Responsible breeders screen for orthopedic and genetic diseases.
- Good for apartments - primarily an indoor animal; fine without yard
- Needs daily walk
- Very sensitive to extreme climates
- Average shedders
- Needs regular brushing
- No trimming or stripping needed
- Clean eyes and ears regularly to avoid infections
- It's believed that until the time of King Charles II, the breed's only color variety was black and tan
- Evidence shows that Mary, Queen of Scots, owned one English toy that refused to leave her, even on the scaffold
- Queen Elizabeth referred to it as the "comforter"
- Developed mainly in the British Isles
- Thought to be a cross between Oriental toy breeds and spaniels
- Popular with the wealthy classes
- Began as a woodcock hunting dog and over centuries has been bred down to be a companion lap dog