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The Dachshund is an active hunting breed that has a keen sense of smell. This native of Germany is a long time favorite family pet due to his spirited nature and low maintenance.

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Physical Characteristics
  • Comes in three coat varieties: smooth, wirehaired and longhaired
  • Each variety comes in two sizes: standard and miniature
  • Muscular body, short legs
  • Coat: smooth coat variety is sleek and shiny; wirehaired outer coat is thick, short and rough; longhaired coat is sleek, glistening and can be slightly wavy
  • Coat color: single-colored coats are red or cream; bi-colored coats are black, chocolate, wild boar, gray (blue) and fawn (Isabella); breed also comes in dappled, brindle or sable coat
  • Standard size: 16-32 pounds
  • Miniature size: up to 11 pounds
  • Average lifespan: 12-15 years
  • Affectionate, spirited, courageous, determined, curious, mischievous, loyal, stubborn
  • Interaction with people: Good with older children
  • Interaction with animals: Usually good with other pets
  • Bark: Can be highly vocal
Medical Conditions
While the listed ailments may be common in this breed, not all members of the breed suffer from these conditions. Responsible breeders screen for orthopedic and genetic diseases.
At Home
  • OK for apartments
  • Relatively active indoors
  • Needs daily walks
  • Can be habitual diggers
  • Average shedder
  • Smooth coat: bathe every other month
  • Wirehaired: get professional trims throughout the year
  • Longhaired: daily brushing and combing
Other Facts
  • "Dachs" is the German word for badgers, the prey that dachshunds were originally bred to hunt
  • After World War II, the breed was temporarily translated to "badger dog" to avoid association with Germany
  • Known to hunt foxes, otters and hare as well as badgers
Breed History
  • Originated in Germany, with earliest records dating back to the 15th century
  • The original variety was smooth coat
  • The two breed sizes developed due to different prey sizes and types, from wild boar on the large side to hares on the small side
  • The short legs evolved from needing to be close to the ground, to enter burrows and dig out prey
For more information about this breed and breeder referral contacts, please visit the Dachshund Club of America For breed rescue opportunities, visit DCA Rescue
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