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The Chihuahua is a popular small breed that is devoted and smart.They need early socialization and should not be carried everywhere.

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Physical Characteristics
  • Very small build
  • Thinly boned
  • Big, erect ears
  • Prominent eyes are large, round and dark colored
  • Two coat varieties: smooth and long coat; comes in any color
  • Tail is set high; long coat variety carries its plumed tail in a curl over the back
  • Height: 6-9 inches
  • Weight: 2-6 pounds
  • Average lifespan: 13-14 years
  • Brave, energetic, smart, devoted, independent, sensitive
  • Interaction with people: Great companion pet; good for seniors. Wary of strangers and children
  • Interaction with animals: Wary of non-Chihuahua breeds
  • Training: Can be difficult to train; needs early socialization
  • Bark: Can be highly vocal
Medical Conditions
  • Congenital cardiac disease (including pulmonic stenosis)
  • Deafness
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease
  • Patellar luxation
While the listed ailments may be common in this breed, not all members of the breed suffer from these conditions. Responsible breeders screen for orthopedic and genetic diseases.
At Home
  • OK for apartments
  • Not recommended for cold climates; need sweaters in winter
  • Needs daily play and walks
  • Average shedder
  • Daily brushing required for long coats; occasional brushing for short coats
  • Check ears and eyes regularly for infection
  • Keep nails trimmed
Other Facts
  • Smallest of all dog breeds
  • Consistently one of the top 10 popular breeds
  • Named for the Mexican state from which it was first imported to the U.S.
  • Ancestors were used in religious ceremonies
Breed History
  • Native to Mexico
  • Kept by the Toltec and Aztec cultures
  • Thought to be a descendent of the ancient Techichi breed
  • Mentioned in a letter from Christopher Columbus to King Ferdinand
  • First brought to the U.S. in the mid-1800s
For more information about this breed and breeder referral contacts, please visit the Chihuahua Club of America For breed rescue opportunities, visit CCA Rescue
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