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Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is an affectionate and graceful toy breed. The small size and joyful temperament make this breed a good family pet.

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Physical Characteristics
  • Dark round expressive eyes, set wide apart
  • Long ears with abundant feathering
  • Silky hair with some waviness
  • Coat may be Blenheim, which is red and white,tricolor,black and tan or a rich mahogany red called Ruby.
  • Height: 12-13 inches
  • Weight: 13-18 pounds
  • Average lifespan: 9-14 years
  • Eager, affectionate, gentle, devoted, lively, outgoing, fearless, eager to please
  • Interaction with people: Good family dog
  • Interaction with animals: God with other dogs and noncanine pets
  • Level of attention needed: Loves people and requires lots of companionship; shouldn’t be left alone all day
  • Training: Easily trained; responds well to obedience training
Medical Conditions
While the listed ailments may be common in this breed, not all members of the breed suffer from these conditions. Responsible breeders screen for orthopedic and genetic diseases.
At Home
  • OK for apartments
  • Needs small yard
  • Needs daily walk
  • Not suited for warm climates
  • Average shedder
  • Needs brushing every other day
  • Use firm bristle brush
  • Feathered hair on ears prone to tangling and matting
  • Clean ears regularly
  • Check eyes for signs of infection
Other Facts
  • Once used as surrogate water bottles in beds
  • Favored dog of the wealthy in England for many generations
  • The American Kennel Club recognized the breed in 1996
  • The Blenheim spot on the head is nicknamed "the kissing spot"
Breed History
  • Native to England
  • In the 1700s, King Charles II - "the cavalier king" - was so closely associated with his toy spaniels that they acquired the name cavalier King Charles spaniels
  • The red and white "Blenheim" color was the Duke of Marlborough's favorite and was named after his estate
For more information about this breed and breeder referral contacts, please visit the American Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Club For breed rescue opportunities, visit CKCS Rescue Trust
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