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Briard

The Briard is a brave and powerful breed that is devoted and highly intelligent. This native of France requires regular grooming.


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Physical Characteristics
  • Large, muscular build
  • May have natural or cropped ears. They are set high on head and covered by hair. 
  • Large eyes and black nose
  • Long tail carried low
  • Coat: Shaggy, thick hair; double coat is long and comes in black, gray and tawny
  • Shaggy eyebrows, beard and mustache
  • Height: 22-27 inches
  • Weight: 75 pounds
  • Average lifespan: 10-12 years
Temperament
  • Playful, kind, sensitive, gentle, brave, loyal, smart, obedient, eager to please
  • Interaction with people: Needs early socialization with children; doesn't like to be teased
  • Interaction with animals: May be aggressive toward other dogs; needs early socialization with other pets
  • Level of attention needed: Needs significant attention and love
  • Training: Requires firm, patient training
  • Protection: Good watchdog; strong protection instinct concerning its human family
Medical Conditions
While the listed ailments may be common in this breed, not all members of the breed suffer from these conditions. Responsible breeders screen for orthopedic and genetic diseases.
At Home
  • OK for apartments
  • Prefers to be indoors with the family; not an outside dog
  • Needs long daily walks and runs
Grooming
  • Average shedder
  • Needs significant grooming to prevent matting
  • Clean inside ears
  • Coat repels dirt and water
Other Facts
  • Thomas Jefferson is credited for bringing the Briard to the U.S.
  • Only about 300 Briards exist in the U.S.
  • Keen sense of hearing
  • Both Napoleon and Charlemagne are said to have owned Briards
Breed History
  • Native to France
  • Thought to date back to the 8th century
  • Used to guard and herd sheep
  • Worked in the French army during World War I and II as guards, messengers and search-and-rescue dogs
For more information about this breed and breeder referral contacts, please visit the Briard Club of America For breed rescue opportunities, visit
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