The Belgian Malinois is a smart herding breed that is devoted and highly intelligent. A hard-working breed that requires minimal grooming, the Malinois is gaining popularity with law enforcement.
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Finding a Belgian Malinois
- Large, square build
- Strong head and pointed muzzle
- Triangular, erect ears
- Small, almond-shaped eyes and black nose
- Coat: Short, hard hair with thick undercoat; coat colors are fawm to mahogany with black tips
- Height: 22-26 inches
- Weight: 55-65 pounds
- Average lifespan: 12-14 years
- Smart, obedient, resourceful, serious, energetic
- Interaction with people: Excellent family dog
- Interaction with animals: May be dominant toward other dogs; needs early socialization with other pets
- Level of attention needed: Needs lots of human companionship
- Protection: Excellent guard dog
- Hip and elbow dysplasia
- Ophthalmic disorders (including progressive retinal atrophy and cataracts)
While the listed ailments may be common in this breed, not all members of the breed suffer from these conditions. Responsible breeders screen for orthopedic and genetic diseases.
- Does best in rural or suburban settings with large yard
- Prefers cooler climates
- May attempt to herd people and animals
- Needs an active owner
- Light shedder, but sheds seasonally twice a year
- Easy to groom
- Sometimes all four varieties of the dog are considered one breed
- Excels in narcotics and bomb detection
- The four variations of Belgian Shepherds are considered one breed everywhere in the world except the United States.
- Originated in Belgium in the Middle Ages
- One of four types of Belgian Shepherd dogs-the others are: Malinois, Tervuren and Groenendael
- First of the Belgian Sheepdogs to be established; used as a standard for other breeds
- Named for the Belgian region of Malines, where the breed was most densely populated
- Developed as livestock guardians and herders; later used for police and military work